What does “artificial intelligence” mean? Artificial Intelligence (AI) means the capacity of machines and systems to imitate human behavior in order to simulate intelligent behavior. It is either the fulfillment of specific tasks, such as advertizing personalization (applied AI), or more comprehensive activities, where, for instance, entire systems or devices completely imitate human behavior (general AI).
Contrary to many opinions, Machine Learning (ML) is not the same as AI. It is part of artificial intelligence focusing on algorithms and mathematic models. Samuel Arthur, a pioneer in the field of AI, described ML as “the ability of a system to learn without being explicitly programmed”. This intelligence is “trained” in such a way that it can solve any occurring problems by itself by developing the appropriate AI algorithms. The bigger the dataset and the number of sources, the more successful AI technology will be.